Efforts will focus on the direct synthesis of zeolites and nanoporous materials starting from the controlled formation of building units in colloidal suspensions rather than the post-synthesis treatment of micron-sized zeolites. The fast diffusion, improved kinetics, cycling and regeneration of the novel zeolites and nanoporous materials will contribute to the ongoing energy transition and greening of processes directly linked with greater energy efficiency.
Zeolites have well-defined pores and structural characteristics, tuneable chemical compositions, and possess exceptional properties with respect to molecular-sieving, which is highly relevant for adsorption and separation processes, and shape selectivity in catalysis. They are key players in strategic areas such as petroleum refining, petrochemicals and fine chemicals processing, separation of toxic and radioactive wastes, air pollution abatement, and industrial effluent and water purification. According to Grand View Research Inc., 2018, the global zeolite market is expected to reach $33.8bn by 2022 (2.5 % growth compared to 2018), based on the significant increase of refinery output, necessity for non-toxic adsorbents for water treatment, and gas separation. The EU is engaged in tackling the climate change challenge to reach the goal of limiting the global temperature increase to 2 °C by 2050, directly connected to energy related CO2 emissions.
The realization of this project will have an impact in materials science, on the economy, the development of gas and renewable energies, the environment, biochemistry, and the social sphere. The project will help the EU to better face the challenges associated with climate change and will provide innovative materials solutions to reduce CO2 emissions.